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Charles Moore
Charles Moore

Download PDF Notes for General Studies in IAS Mains: All Topics Covered


General Studies Notes for IAS Mains PDF 17




If you are preparing for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) exam, you must be aware of the importance of General Studies (GS) for the Mains stage. GS is one of the most comprehensive and dynamic subjects that covers a wide range of topics from history to ethics. It requires a lot of reading, understanding, analysis and application of knowledge to answer the questions in the exam.




general studies notes for ias mains pdf 17


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In this article, we will provide you with some useful tips on how to prepare GS for IAS Mains, as well as a link to download the General Studies Notes for IAS Mains PDF 17. This PDF contains concise and updated notes on all the topics covered in the GS syllabus for IAS Mains. You can use these notes as a reference material to revise and practice your GS concepts before the exam.


Introduction




What is IAS Mains?




The IAS exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year to select candidates for various civil services posts in the central and state governments. The exam consists of three stages: Preliminary, Mains and Interview.


The Preliminary stage is a screening test that consists of two objective papers: General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II (also known as CSAT). The marks obtained in this stage are not counted for the final ranking, but only for qualifying for the Mains stage.


The Mains stage is the main exam that consists of nine descriptive papers: four General Studies Papers (GS-I, GS-II, GS-III and GS-IV), one Essay Paper, two Optional Papers (from a list of subjects given by UPSC) and two Language Papers (one English and one Indian language). The marks obtained in this stage are counted for the final ranking.


The Interview stage is the personality test that consists of an oral examination by a board of experts. The marks obtained in this stage are also counted for the final ranking.


Why is General Studies important for IAS Mains?




General Studies is important for IAS Mains because:



  • It accounts for 1000 marks out of the total 1750 marks in the Mains exam. This means that your performance in GS can make or break your chances of clearing the exam.



  • It tests your general awareness, analytical ability, critical thinking, problem-solving skills and ethical values. These are essential qualities for an effective civil servant.



  • It covers a wide range of topics that are relevant for the current affairs, national and international issues, governance and administration, development and social justice, science and technology, environment and ecology, ethics and integrity, etc. These are important areas for the civil services aspirants to be well-versed with.



  • It helps you to write better essays, answer the optional papers and face the interview with confidence and clarity. A good command over GS can enhance your overall performance in the exam.



How to prepare General Studies for IAS Mains?




Some of the tips on how to prepare GS for IAS Mains are:



  • Follow the UPSC syllabus and previous year question papers to understand the scope and pattern of GS questions. You can also refer to the UPSC answer keys and model answers to get an idea of how to write effective answers.



  • Read the NCERT textbooks from class 6 to 12 for the basic concepts and facts of GS topics. You can also read some standard reference books for each topic to get a deeper understanding and analysis.



  • Read the newspapers, magazines, reports, journals and websites regularly to keep yourself updated with the current affairs and issues related to GS topics. You can also make notes of important facts, data, events, opinions, etc. for revision.



  • Practice writing answers for GS questions in a time-bound manner. You can join a test series or a mock test platform to get feedback and improvement tips from experts and peers.



  • Revise your notes and books periodically to retain and recall the information. You can also use mnemonics, diagrams, charts, maps, etc. to aid your memory.



  • Discuss your doubts and queries with your mentors, teachers, friends or online forums. You can also participate in group discussions, debates, quizzes, etc. to enhance your communication and presentation skills.



General Studies Notes for IAS Mains PDF 17




In this section, we will provide you with a link to download the General Studies Notes for IAS Mains PDF 17. This PDF contains concise and updated notes on all the topics covered in the GS syllabus for IAS Mains. You can use these notes as a reference material to revise and practice your GS concepts before the exam.


The PDF is divided into six parts, corresponding to the six papers of GS in IAS Mains. Each part contains notes on various sub-topics under each paper. The notes are written in a simple and lucid language, with bullet points, tables, diagrams, maps, etc. to make them easy to understand and remember.


The PDF also contains some sample questions and answers for each paper, along with some tips and tricks on how to write effective answers. The PDF is designed to help you score high marks in GS in IAS Mains.


The link to download the General Studies Notes for IAS Mains PDF 17 is given below:


General Studies Notes for IAS Mains PDF 17


History




Ancient India




Some of the topics covered in this sub-topic are:



  • Sources of Ancient Indian History: Archaeological sources (coins, inscriptions, monuments, etc.) and literary sources (Vedic texts, epics, Puranas, Buddhist and Jain literature, etc.)



  • Prehistoric India: Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age), Neolithic (New Stone Age) and Chalcolithic (Copper Stone Age) cultures



  • Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, extent, urban planning, economy, society, religion, art and architecture, script and language, decline and legacy



  • Vedic Period: Early Vedic Period (Rig Vedic Period) and Later Vedic Period (Samhita Period); political, social, economic and religious features; emergence of varna system; rise of Mahajanapadas; development of literature



  • Jainism and Buddhism: Life and teachings of Mahavira and Buddha; spread of Jainism and Buddhism; sects and schools; contribution to art, architecture and literature; decline of Jainism and Buddhism



  • Mahajanapadas: Sixteen Mahajanapadas; rise of Magadha; Haryanka dynasty; Shishunaga dynasty; Nanda dynasty



and architecture; decline of Mauryan Empire


  • Post-Mauryan Period: Sunga dynasty; Kanva dynasty; Satavahana dynasty; Indo-Greek rulers; Kushana Empire; Shaka rulers; Parthian rulers



  • Gupta Empire: Chandragupta I; Samudragupta; Chandragupta II; Kumaragupta I; Skandagupta; administration; economy; society; religion; art and architecture; literature and science; decline of Gupta Empire



  • Harshavardhana: Rise and expansion of his empire; administration; economy; society; religion; art and architecture; literature and culture



  • South Indian Kingdoms: Sangam Age (Chera, Chola and Pandya kingdoms); Pallava dynasty; Chalukya dynasty; Rashtrakuta dynasty; Chola Empire



Medieval India




Some of the topics covered in this sub-topic are: